How to Smoke Cheese: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Smoking cheese is a great way to add a unique and delicious flavor to your favorite dishes. Whether you’re a fan of sharp cheddar or creamy brie, smoking your cheese can enhance its flavor and give it a smoky, savory taste that’s perfect for snacking or cooking. However, smoking cheese can be tricky, as it requires low temperatures and careful attention to prevent the cheese from melting.

To successfully smoke cheese, you’ll need to choose the right cheese, prepare it properly, and use the right equipment. Not all cheeses are suitable for smoking, as some are more delicate and prone to melting than others. You’ll also need to prepare the cheese by cutting it into small pieces and allowing it to come to room temperature before smoking. Additionally, you’ll need a smoker or grill, as well as a smoke tube or other equipment to keep the temperature low and prevent the cheese from melting.

In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of smoking cheese, from choosing the right cheese to preparing it for smoking and using the right equipment. We’ll also provide tips and tricks for achieving the perfect smoky flavor, as well as recipes and ideas for using your smoked cheese in a variety of dishes. Whether you’re a seasoned smoker or a beginner looking to try something new, this guide will help you master the art of smoking cheese and take your cooking to the next level.

Choosing the Right Cheese

When it comes to smoking cheese, choosing the right type of cheese is crucial to achieving the perfect smoky flavor. Here are a few things to consider when selecting your cheese:

Types of Cheese for Smoking

Not all cheeses are created equal when it comes to smoking. Hard and semi-hard cheeses are the best choices for smoking, as they can withstand the heat and smoke without melting. Some popular choices include aged cheddar, Gouda, Parmesan, and Gruyere. These types of cheese have a lower moisture content and a firmer texture, which allows them to absorb the smoky flavor well.

On the other hand, soft cheeses like Brie, Camembert, and feta can be more challenging to smoke. They have a higher moisture content and a softer texture, which makes them more likely to melt and lose their shape during the smoking process.

Flavor Profiles

Consider the flavor profile of the cheese you choose. Some cheeses, like cheddar and Gouda, have a nutty, savory flavor that pairs well with smoky notes. Other cheeses, like mozzarella and Swiss, have a milder flavor that may not stand up well to smoking. Pepper jack, with its spicy kick, can add an extra layer of flavor to your smoked cheese.


The texture of the cheese is also an important factor to consider. Hard and semi-hard cheeses have a firmer texture that can hold up well to smoking, while softer cheeses may become too creamy and lose their shape. However, if you prefer a creamier texture, you can still smoke soft cheeses like Brie and Camembert, but you will need to be more careful with the temperature and smoking time.

In summary, when choosing a cheese for smoking, look for hard or semi-hard cheeses with a nutty, savory flavor and a firm texture. Some popular choices include aged cheddar, Gouda, Parmesan, and Gruyere. However, if you prefer a creamier texture, you can still smoke soft cheeses like Brie and Camembert with caution.

Preparing for Smoking

Before smoking cheese, it is essential to prepare properly to ensure the best results. In this section, we will cover the key elements to consider when preparing for smoking cheese.

Temperature and Time

The ideal temperature for smoking cheese is between 60°F and 80°F. Temperatures above this range can cause the cheese to melt and lose its shape. It is best to smoke cheese on a cool day or in a cooler environment.

The smoking time for cheese depends on the type of cheese and the desired flavor intensity. Typically, smoking cheese takes between 2 and 4 hours. However, some cheeses may require more time to absorb the smoke flavor fully.

Wood Chips and Pellets

Wood chips and pellets are the primary sources of smoke flavor when smoking cheese. Popular wood types for smoking cheese include hickory, oak, apple, pecan, cherry, and maple. It is essential to choose the right wood type to complement the cheese’s flavor profile.

When using wood chips, soak them in water for at least 30 minutes before adding them to the smoker. Soaking prevents the chips from burning too quickly and producing harsh smoke.

Wood pellets are another option for smoking cheese. They are convenient to use and produce consistent smoke. Pellets come in different flavors, including applewood, hickory, and cherry.

Smoker and Smoke Tube

A smoker is an essential tool for smoking cheese. Electric smokers are popular because they allow for precise temperature control. However, charcoal and wood smokers can produce a more robust smoke flavor.

A smoke tube is another tool that can enhance the smoke flavor when smoking cheese. The tube is filled with wood pellets and placed in the smoker. The tube produces smoke for several hours, allowing for a more extended smoking time.


Preparing for smoking cheese is critical to achieving the desired smoke flavor and texture. By considering the temperature and time, choosing the right wood chips and pellets, and using a smoker and smoke tube, you can create delicious smoked cheese that will impress your guests.

Cold Smoking Cheese

If you’re a cheese lover, you know that there are few things better than a slice of perfectly aged, rich, and flavorful cheese. But have you ever considered taking it to the next level by smoking it? Cold smoking cheese can add a whole new dimension of flavor to your favorite cheeses. Here’s what you need to know to get started.

Cold Smoke Method

Cold smoking cheese is a delicate process that requires some patience and care. Unlike hot smoking, which cooks the cheese, cold smoking uses smoke to infuse flavor into the cheese without melting it. Here are the steps to cold smoke cheese:

  1. Choose the right cheese: Not all cheeses are created equal when it comes to smoking. Semi-hard and harder cheeses like cheddar, gouda, or swiss work best. Soft cheeses like brie or camembert can be smoked but require less time in the smoker.
  2. Prepare your cheese: Cut your cheese into smaller pieces to allow for more surface area to be exposed to the smoke. It’s also important to let the cheese air out for a bit before smoking to remove any excess moisture.
  3. Set up your smoker: Use a cold smoker, smoker tube, or smoke box to generate smoke. Place your cheese on a wire rack or parchment paper and set it in the smoker.
  4. Smoke the cheese: Smoke the cheese for 2-4 hours at a temperature between 60-80°F. Be careful not to exceed 90°F, or your cheese may melt.
  5. Rest and store the cheese: After smoking, let the cheese rest for a few hours to let the smoke flavor settle in. You can then vacuum seal, wrap in plastic or butcher paper, or store in a zip-top bag in the fridge.

Cold Smoke Equipment

To cold smoke cheese, you’ll need some specialized equipment. Here are some options:

  • Cold smoker: A cold smoker is an attachment that can be added to your existing smoker or grill. It generates smoke without heat, making it perfect for cold smoking cheese.
  • Smoke tube: A smoke tube is a tube-shaped device that you fill with wood pellets and light. It generates smoke for a few hours and can be used in any grill or smoker.
  • Smoke box: A smoke box is a small metal box that you fill with wood chips and place on the grill grates. It generates smoke without heat and can be used in any grill or smoker.
  • Ice pan: An ice pan is a metal pan filled with ice that you place under the cheese while smoking. It helps keep the temperature low and prevents the cheese from melting.
  • Wire rack: A wire rack is essential for smoking cheese. It allows for air circulation and prevents the cheese from sticking to the surface.
  • Vacuum sealer: Vacuum sealing your smoked cheese can help preserve it and prevent it from drying out.
  • Parchment paper: Use parchment paper to prevent the cheese from sticking to the wire rack or smoker.
  • Zip-top bag: A zip-top bag is a convenient way to store your smoked cheese in the fridge.
  • Butcher paper: Butcher paper is a good option for wrapping your smoked cheese. It allows the cheese to breathe and prevents it from drying out.

Now that you know the basics of cold smoking cheese, it’s time to get started. With a little practice and experimentation, you’ll be able to create delicious smoked cheeses that will impress your friends and family.

Hot Smoking Cheese

Hot smoking cheese is a great way to add a smoky flavor to your cheese while also giving it a soft and creamy texture. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to hot smoke cheese.

Hot Smoke Method

  1. Preheat your hot smoker, electric smoker, charcoal grill, outdoor grill, pellet grill, or Traeger to 90-100°F. You can use a smoker box, smoker tube, or smoke tube to generate smoke.

  2. Cut the cheese into small blocks or slices. Hard mozzarella is a great choice for hot smoking.

  3. Place the cheese on a wire rack or a piece of foil. If using foil, poke some holes in it to allow the smoke to penetrate the cheese.

  4. Place the cheese in the smoker and smoke for 1-2 hours, depending on how strong you want the smoky flavor to be.

  5. Check the cheese regularly to make sure it’s not melting. If it starts to melt, remove it from the smoker immediately.

  6. Once the cheese is smoked to your liking, remove it from the smoker and let it cool to room temperature.

Hot Smoke Equipment

When it comes to hot smoking cheese, you can use a variety of equipment. Here are some options:

  • Hot smoker: A dedicated hot smoker is designed to smoke food at low temperatures. It’s a great option if you plan on smoking cheese frequently.

  • Electric smoker: An electric smoker is easy to use and allows you to set the temperature precisely. It’s a good option if you’re new to smoking cheese.

  • Charcoal grill: A charcoal grill can be used as a hot smoker by placing the cheese on one side of the grill and the charcoal on the other side. It’s a good option if you already have a charcoal grill.

  • Outdoor grill: An outdoor grill can also be used as a hot smoker by placing the cheese on one side of the grill and the wood chips on the other side. It’s a good option if you already have an outdoor grill.

  • Pellet grill: A pellet grill is a versatile smoker that can be used for hot smoking cheese. It uses wood pellets to generate smoke and can be set to a precise temperature.

  • Traeger: Traeger is a popular brand of pellet grill that can be used for hot smoking cheese.

  • Smoker box, smoker tube, or smoke tube: These accessories can be used to generate smoke on a gas grill or an outdoor grill.

Hot smoking cheese is a great way to add a smoky flavor to your cheese. By following these steps and using the right equipment, you can achieve delicious and flavorful results.

Finishing and Storing

Wrapping and Sealing

Once your cheese has finished smoking, it’s important to wrap it up properly to ensure it stays fresh and flavorful. You have a few options for wrapping and sealing your smoked cheese, including:

  • Untreated butcher paper or parchment paper: This allows your cheese to breathe and prevents moisture buildup.
  • Cheesecloth: This is a great option if you want to allow your cheese to continue aging and developing flavor.
  • Plastic wrap: While not ideal, plastic wrap can be used as a last resort if you don’t have any other options.

If you want to vacuum-seal your cheese, be sure to let it air out for a few hours before sealing to prevent moisture buildup. This will help to preserve the texture and flavor of your cheese.

Refrigerating and Aging

After you’ve wrapped your cheese, it’s time to refrigerate it. The ideal temperature for storing smoked cheese is between 35-45°F. If you’re storing your cheese for a longer period of time, it’s best to age it in the fridge for a few days to allow the smoke flavor to fully develop.

When aging your cheese, be sure to keep it wrapped and sealed to prevent moisture buildup. If you notice any condensation on the wrapping, unwrap the cheese and let it air out for a few hours before re-wrapping.

Smoked cheese makes a great addition to any charcuterie board or can be given as a homemade gift. With proper wrapping and storage, your smoked cheese can last for several weeks and still be flavorful and delicious.

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